Yemen is an Arab country located in the southern part of the Arabian peninsula
Official name: Republic of Yemen
Official religion: Islam
Official language: Arabic is the official language, with English as the second language.
National flag: Yemen's flag is follows: red, white and black respectively.
Time zone: Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) + 3 hrs.
Yemen has several names in books of history; ancient geography called it, Arabia felix, or happy Arabia. In the old testament, thowra' the derivative name of yemen which means south is mentioned. It is said that Yemen is named after a person Called Aiman Bin Ya'rub Bin Qahtan. In the Arab heritage as well as for the Yemen' people, Yemen is derived from the Arabic word , al Yemen which means good and blessing, this name is synonymous with the old name, Arabia felix,
Other said Yemen was named so because it lies to the right of Alqaba, Arabs feel optimistic because the right side is a sign of good omen, some of the Yemeni people still use the word, Alsham to mean the left side, and the word, Yemen' to mean the south.
Now Yemen is named Republic of Yemen.
Location: Yemen lies in the south western part of Asia and in the south of Arabian peninsula. It is bounded on the north by Saudi Arabia and bounded on the south by the Arab sea and Aden Gulf, to the east lies omen and to the west is the red sea. Yemen has many islands along its coasts on the red sea and Arab sea. The largest island is soctora which is on the Arab sea and is about 150 km far from the Yemeni coast.
Capital: Sana'a is the capital of the republic of Yemen. The new administrative division of Yemen consist of (19) governorates in addition to the capital secretariat.
Airports: Sana'a International: 15 km from city centre. International & domestic airports in Taiz (Al-Ganad), Aden, Al-Mukalla (Al-Rayan), Al-Hodeidah. .
Main ports: Aden, Hodeidah, Mukala and Mokha.
Official currency: The country's currency is the Yemeni Riyal (YR). Bank notes of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 are in circulation and have English and Arabic numbers. (click here to view them)
Electricity: The voltage in Yemen is 220v, 50-60 Hz. Five star hotels provide both options i.e. 110v or 220v.
Official holidays: 1 January (New Year) 1 May (Labour Day) 22 May (Unity Day) 26 September (National Day) 14 October (National Day) 30 November (National Day), Weekend: Friday.
Visas: The visitor can get entry visa
to the Republic of Yemen from the Yemeni Embassy or Consulate in his country
and payment of a minimal Consular fee. Prospective visitors from countries
with which Yemen has no diplomatic or consular representation.
Climate: the coastal desert is hot and humid, otherwise temperate climate all over Yemen with tendency to be cold in winter in the mountainous highlands. The desert regions are hot and arid.
Terrain: according to the natural formation, Yemen is divided into five regions:
A. mountainous regions: they are mountain series located in the southern and western regions opposite plateaux from the western and southern part. The highest point is Jabal al nabi Shu'aib (Mount) which is (3666) meter above sea level.
B. Plateau regions: they lie to the east and north of the mountainous highlands and opposite from them. Plateau region become larger towards the empty Quarter.
C. Coastal plains: a coastal strip on the red sea and Aden Gulf stretching along the Omani borders towards the west to take a new form towards the north till it reaches the Saudi borders. Lingth of this region is about 2000 sq km and its width ranges betoween 30-60 km.
D. The Empty Quarter region: it is a desert region with are wild plants.
Yemeni Islands: they are in abundance in the regional waters in the Red sea and Arab Sea.
Rule system: rule system is a republican democratic one with people as the source and owner of power that practices it directly through referendum and public election. People can also practice power indirectly through the legislative, executive or judicial authorities or through the elected local councils.
The political system in Yemen is based on political pluralism and multi-party. Power-sharing takes place peacefully through the public elections.
President of the Republic: President of the Republic of Yemen is the head of the state, being elected directly by people after running a competitive election with other candidates. For a candidates to win presidency, he must obtain majority of the vote turnover.
The president's office tenure is seven years from the date of taking the oath. A person in not allowed to takeover presidency more than two office tenure.
Population: In the mid year of 2002, Yemen's population was (19.495.000). population grows 3.4% annual. At the level of the republic in general, density reached about 3.3% person per sq km. The demographical and population categorization of the Republic of Yemen is as follows:
Males: 9.772.00 persons which represent 1.50% of the total population.
Females: females 9.723.000 which constitute 49.9% of the total population.
People whose age ranges between (0-14) constitute 46.3% of the total population.
People whose age ranges between (15-64) constitute 50.7% of the total population.
People whose age is over 65% constitute 3% of the total population.
Fertility and mortality: The entire fertility rater teaches 6.48% whereas mortality rate among infants reaches 75.3 child for every thousand child according to the 1999 statistics, Row mortality rates reach 11.35 for every thousand person and the average age expected at birth is 62.9.
Family size: The average size of a typical Yemeni size reaches to 7.4 members whereas the average number of family members sharing one room reaches 3.1 members.
Education: the 1994 census indicators show that the rates of school joining between the ages of (6-15) reached 56%.
The rate of males joining school constitute (71%) whereas the rate of females form (37.5%). In general, the rate of illiteracy among adult people reaches 59.4 For coping with this problem, expenditures on education increase annually and expansion in establishing the educational institutions and at different. The most recent statistics indicate the following.
Number of kindergartens reached 172 ones 42 of which are public according to the statistics of 2000/2001.
Number of secondary and coeducation schools reached 3460 ones,